Family Group Sheet

Name Charles Victor Adolphe NICOLE140
Birth 31 May 1812, Le-Chenit, Jura-Nord vaudois, Vaud, Suisse
Birth Memo Eb126/8
Christen 28 Jun 1812, Le-Chenit, Jura-Nord vaudois, Vaud, Suisse
Death 7 Aug 1876, Streatham, Surrey, England, Royaume-Uni
Occupation horloger
Father David Louis Samuel NICOLE (1789-1859)
Mother Julie Angélique LE_COULTRE (1789-1832)
Misc. Notes
Est parti très jeune pour Versailles (France) dans une fabrique d’horlogerie, en compagnie de nombreux jeunes gens du pays.
A la dissolution de cette maison, il est parti pour Londres où il fonda avec Jules-Philippe CAPT, du Solliat, venu comme lui à Versailles, la célèbre maison d’horlogerie NICOLE & CAPT.


NICOLE & CAPT (LE SOLLIAT 1837) 1839-1874
NICOLE, NIELSEN & Co 1879 –1888
NICOLE, NIELSEN & Co Ltd 1888-1917
NORTH & SONS LTD 1917-1933

1844 Patent: this includes the first practical keyless work for both going barrel and fusee watches. It also includes chronograph work that allowed a second recording hand to returned to zero by mean of a heart-shaped cam.
1851 LONDON GREAT EXIBITION in HIDE PARK. From a report it appears that E.J. DENT exhibited NICOLE keyless work and his repeaters.
1855 PARIS EXHIBITION: for the first time NICOLE & CAPT are exhibiting under their own name.
1858 NICOLE & CAPT move to larger premises to 14 SOHO SQUARE, LONDON.
1862 Nicole takes out another Patent relating to ‘STOP-WATCHES AND TIMEKEEPERS, &c.” Improvement on the castle wheel and the application of the heart-shape cam combine to produce the first CHRONOGRAPH.
1862 LONDON INTERNATIONAL EXIBITON. From the catalogue” NICOLE & CAPT, 14 Soho Square.—Nicole’s patent keyless watch and compteur.”
1871 from this date NICOLE & CAPT started to produce split second CHRONOGRAPH. (Rattrapante)
1872 June, Harriet Victoire NICOLE married Sophus Emil NIELSEN.
1874 Change of name to NICOLE, NIELSEN.
1876 the 7th August Charles Victor Adolphe NICOLE died at the age of 64 in STREATHAM, London COUNTY OF SURREY.
1879 23rd May “Charles NICOLE on behalf of self and partners, Emil NIELSEN and Zelia NICOLE, trading as NICOLE, NIELSEN, and CO, 14, Soho Square, Middlesex: Watch Manufactures.” This is the Trade Mark registration, and from this date they will be known as NICOLE NIELSEN & Co. LONDON.
1885 December 31st The Partnership between Charles NICOLE, Zelia NICOLE and Emil NIELSEN is dissolved.
1888 Change of status to NICOLE, NIELSEN & Co LTD. The majority of the shares were bought by The NORTH family and Harrison Mill Frodsham. Emil NIELSEN continues as managing Director.
1899 Sophus Emil NIELSEN died; the company has a new manager and director Robert BENSON NORTH.
1904 THE MANIFACTURE of speedometers is started, it is very successful, a factory is built outside London.
1910 Trade catalogue FOR HIGH CLASS WATCHES, showing a range of 54 watches from the simple to triple complications whit turboullion.
1914 GREAT WAR: NICOLE, NIELSEN & Co LTD is taken over by the government to help with the war effort, they became a major supplier.
1917 The name NICOLE, NIELSEN & Co LTD. sadly disappear. The company will be known as NORTH & SONS and WATFORD Speedometers.
1919 Gold watches to the usual very high standard continue to be made in Soho Square. The effects of the war were felt quite badly and skilled workers were in short supply.
1922 NORTH & SONS started making car clocks.
1929 Economic crash affects NORTH & SONS. . Robert BENSON NORTH died.
1933 the company goes into receivership and is sold off.
Marriage 7 Jan 1843, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
Marr Memo Saint Pancras Church (in the Parish of Saint Pancras).
Spouse Mary Elisabeth HEBBERD
Father James HEBBERD
Mother Na NN
1 F Zelia Louise NICOLE
Birth 12 Jan 1845, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
2 F Harriet Victoire NICOLE
Birth 30 Aug 1846, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
Spouse Sophus Emil NIELSEN
3 M Adolphe NICOLE
Birth 1 Oct 1848, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
4 M Henry NICOLE
Birth 1 Jan 1851, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
5 F Mary Adèle NICOLE
Birth 29 Dec 1852, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
Christen 23 Jan 1853, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
Chr Memo Parish of Saint Pancras
6 M Charles NICOLE
Birth 12 Jun 1855, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
Christen 13 Apr 1856, Londres, Middlesex, England, Royaume-Uni
Chr Memo Parish of Saint Pancras
Spouse Suzanne AUDEMARS
Last Modified 25 Nov 2011 Created 17 Mar 2022 using Reunion for Macintosh

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